Initially the district headquarters was at Ernakulam, which gave the district its name the headquarters was later shifted to Kakkanad. Kollam is the only district in Southern Kerala where Muslims outnumber Christians. Alappad village, located on the seashore, was impacted by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Other important towns in the city suburbs are Eravipuram, Kottiyam, Kannanallur and Chavara. Luxury boats, operated by the government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. [77] The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited (KSCDC) is situated at Mundakkal in Kollam city. Now the old airport area is serving as a twin-helipad of the city, which is about 1 km away from the city center. Most of these are based in the Maruthadi, Sakthikulangara, Kavanad, Neendakara, Asramam, Kilikollur, Thirumullavaram and Uliyakovil areas of the city. Kollam District : Consultez sur Tripadvisor 10.786 avis de voyageurs et trouvez des conseils sur les endroits où sortir, manger et dormir à Kollam District, Kerala. It covers 2,492 square kilometres (962 sq mi), is the seventh-largest district in Kerala and is densely populated.Sasthamkotta Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Kerala, is located in Kollam; this lake provides drinking water to the city of Kollam. The rulers of Kollam (formerly called 'Desinganadu') had trade relations with China and exchanged embassies. According to the Government of Kerala estimates 81,438 hectares (314.43 sq mi) of land is under forest cover, mainly in the eastern portion of the district (including the Thenmala, Punalur, and a portion of the Achencoil forest divisions). Kollam district (formerly Quilon) is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India. It is a multipurpose stadium and has repeatedly hosted such sports events as the Ranji Trophy, Santhosh Trophy and National Games. [19] It is a coastal city on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake that took the title God's Own Country. [106] Kollam is known as India's hub for bank test coaching centres with around 40 such institutes in the district. [6], The Kollam Urban Agglomeration (UA) is the 6th most populous UA in the state. Nearly 3,000 mechanised boats operate out of its fishing harbour.[29]. It is close to Thangassery Dockyard. The battle lasted for only six hours[49] and was the result of the East India Company's invasion of Quilon and their garrison situated near the Cantonment Maidan. Apart from colleges, there are a number of bank coaching centres in Kollam. Islam(19.3%) is the second largest religion. Kerala's only turkey farm and a regional poultry farm are at Kureepuzha.[72]. [78][79], Kollam is one of many seafood export hubs in India with numerous companies involved in the sector. [8] It is situated 66 kilometers north of the state capital Trivandrum. "[35] The Nestorian Patriarch Jesujabus, who died in 660 AD, mentions Kollam in his letter to Simon, Metropolitan of Persia. A fishing village with 100 houses is being built at Eravipuram. [70] Kollam is famous as a city with excellent export background. [38] The Tharisapalli plates presented to Maruvan Sapor Iso by Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal granted the Christians the privilege of overseeing foreign trade in the city as well as control over its weights and measures in a move designed to increase Quilon's trade and wealth. The present District Collector of Kollam is P.J.Thomas. The Government has initiated steps for establishing a fishing harbour at Neendakara. [100][101], Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction(IIIC-Kollam) is an institute of international standards situated at Chavara in Kollam city to support the skill development programmes for construction related occupations. [6] The district has a population density of 1,056 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,740/sq mi) . [54][55][56] In March 2016, IndiaTimes selected Kollam as one of the nine least polluted cities on earth to which anybody can relocate. Kollam's Ashtamudi Lake clam fishery was the first Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified fishery in India. It covers over 60 acres (24 ha) in an oval. The port at Kollam, then known as Quilon, was founded in 825 by the Nestorian Christians Mar Sabor and Mar Proth with sanction from Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal, the king of the independent Venad or the State of Quilon, a feudatory under the Chera kingdom.[36][37]. [129] The Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon or Kollam is the first Catholic diocese in India. There is a long-standing demand for upgrading Pathanapuram & Anchal panchayaths into municipal status. 13 crore. [120] Kottankulangara Devi Temple is one of the world-famous Hindu temples in Kerala were cross-dressing of men for Chamayavilakku ritual is a part of traditional festivities. 817420. An artificial lake of about 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi) has developed following the construction of a dam across the Kallada River. Kollam city is bordered by the panchayats of Neendakara and Thrikkaruva to the north, Mayyanad to the south, and Thrikkovilvattom and Kottamkara to the east, and by the Laccadive Sea to the west. A most modern MEMU maintenance shed is working in the railway station premises of Kollam city. The factories processing marine exports and the processing and packaging of cashewnuts extended its trade across the globe.[24]. When Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 st July 1983, the entire Pathanamthitta Taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur Taluk of the district were also removed. Ten trains, each with seven coaches, will transport passengers back and forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section. The first community tourism program in the state is being established on the Munroethuruth islands. Dalavapuram bridge near Kollam City - This bridge had given a new way of connectivity for the people of Dalavapuram with Kollam City along with the existing boat services. Asramam Link Road in the city passes adjacent to the ferry terminal. The proportion of females to males in Kollam city is second highest among the 500 most populous cities in India. Punalur, Paravur, Karunagappally and Kottarakkara are the municipalities. Along with (Muziris), Quilon was an ancient seaport on the Malabar Coast of India from the early centuries before the Christian era. [14][15] These are the KSRTC Depots & Sub Depots & Operating Centres (OC) in the district: The district is connected to other parts of Kerala and India through the National Highways – NH 66 (earlier NH 47), NH 183 (earlier NH 220), NH 744 (earlier NH 208). Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K Palaniswami inaugurated Mayiladuthurai as the 38th district of Tamil Nadu on December 28, 2020. Some of the districts and their towns were renamed in 1990 like Thiruvananthapuram (formerly known as Trivandrum), Kollam (Quilon or Venad), Alappuzha (Alleppey),As per GO(P) No.133/90/RD dated 7.2.90, Government of Kerala Thrissur (Trichur or Thirushivaperur), Palakkad (Palghat), Kozhikode (Calicut) and Kannur (Cannanore). The west coast canal system, which starts from Thiruvananthapuram in the south and ends at Kanhangad in the north, passes through Paravur, the city of Kollam and Karunagappally taluk. [39] The two Christians were also instrumental in founding Christian churches with Syrian liturgy along the Malabar coast, distinct from the ancient Vedic Advaitam propounded by Adi Shankara in the early 9th century among the Nampoothiri Vaishnavites and Nair Sub Castes, as Malayalam was not accepted as a liturgical language until the early 18th century. Kollam Fest is the signature event of Kollam. [71] 5 star, 4 star and 3 star hotels, multi-storied shopping malls, branded jewellery, textile showrooms and car showrooms have started operations in the city and suburbs. The district has a cross - section of Kerala s natural attributes official Varkala Beach (also known as Papanasham) is 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Kollam. Another government organisation in this field is CAPEX, which is part of the cooperative sector and has 10 cashew factories. Kollam MEMU Shed is the largest MEMU Shed in Kerala, which is equipped with most modern facilities. [107] Students from various Indian states such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh also come here for coaching. [18] As per the survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) based on urban area growth during January 2020, Kollam became the 10th fastest growing city in the world with a 31.1% urban growth between 2015 and 2020. In 1517 the Portuguese built the St. Thomas Fort in Thangasseri, which was destroyed in the subsequent wars with the Dutch. An estimated 134,973 persons are engaged in fishing and allied activities. The Kerala State Water Transport Department (KSWTD) has an operating centre near the KSRTC bus stand. [102] The Institute of Fashion Technology, Kollam, Kerala is a fashion technology institute situated at Vellimon, established in technical collaboration with the National Institute of Fashion Technology and the Ministry of Textiles. The district has many water bodies. It receives both southwest and northeast monsoons. Kollam's temperature is almost steady throughout the year. The first of the two-day dressing event drew to a close early on Monday. Cheriazheekkal, Alappad, Pandarathuruthu, Puthenthura, Neendakara, Thangasseri, Eravipuram and Paravoor are among the prominent fishing villages. Every year, about 800,000 tonnes of raw cashews are imported into the city for processing[75] and an average of 130,000 tonnes of processed cashews are exported to various countries worldwide. Notable individuals born in Kollam include: "Quilon" redirects here. Two years later the Malabar Era began (824 AD) and Quilon became the premier city of the Malabar region ahead of Travancore and Cochin. The police administration comes under the State Home Department of the Government of Kerala. Kollam experiences a tropical climate with little seasonal variation in temperatures. Other major industries in the private/cooperative sector are Aluminium Industries Ltd. in Kundara, Thomas Stephen & Co. in Kollam, Floorco in Paravur and Cooperative Spinning Mill in Chathannoor. [23][24] Tourists may hire motorised country boats and houseboats with amenities (Kettavulam in Malayalam) to cruise along the waterways. [117] Ammachiveedu Muhurthi temple is another major temple in the city that have been founded around 600 years ago by the Ammachi Veedu family, aristocrats from Kollam. The Regional Transport Offices were formed under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, and the main responsibility of RTOs is to regulate the transport and provide transport-related services. [33] KSID currently conducts Post Graduate Diploma Programs in Design developed in association with National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad. The Anathavalam is near here where one can see domestic elephants, touch and ride them. It was moved to Thiruvananthapuram during the reign of Swathi Thirunal. The famous Infant Jesus Cathedral, 400 years old, located in Thangassery, is the co-cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon. Now the district has a single revenue division with headquarters at Kollam. [103] Kerala Maritime Institute is situated at Neendakara in Kollam city to give maritime training for the students in Kerala. Daily domestic flight services are available such major cities as Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Delhi, Bangalore and Kochi. Kollam, called Quilon by the Europeans, was an ancient port on the west coast.It flourished as a trading centre even in prechristian centuries as can be surmised from the numismatic evidences left by ancient Phoenicians and Romans.The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a trading center at Kollam in 1502. Kollam Houseless Census. Ernakulam District was formed on 1 April 1958, from the taluks of Aluva, Kunnathunadu, Kochi, Kanayannur, and Paravoor, which were formerly part of Thrissur District. Kollam zone of KSRTC is now the second most revenue generating zone in Kerala. [21][22] The waterways are popular attractions and scenic tourist destinations in the area. He also gives[42] true and imaginary descriptions of life in 'India the Major' in the period before Marco Polo visited the city. Mannathippara is at Polachira, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of Chathannoor. The event has been rescheduled from 2012.[109][110]. Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD) mentions Greek ships anchored at Muziris and Nelcynda. Kollam receives an annual average rainfall of around 2,700 millimetres (110 in). [136][137], Muslims accounts 22.05% of Kollam's total population. The pooram is held at the Ashramam maidan. As per the Census 2011 data, 80,935 is the total Muslim population in Kollam. The diocese, which covers an area of 1,950 km2 (750 sq mi) and contains a population of 4,879,553 – 235,922 (4.8%) of whom are Catholic – is claimed to have first been erected on 9 August 1329. Palaruvi Falls, Thenmala (forests and reservoir), the Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Ashtamudi (backwater) and beaches at Kollam, Thirumullavaram and Thangassery are scenic areas. Kollam City is a Municipal Corporation with elected Councillors from its 55 divisions. The Mayor, elected from among the councillors, generally represents the political party holding a majority. Kerala's first coastal police station was established in Neendakara, Kollam.[13]. Kallada 358–373. Kerala Ceramics Ltd. in Kundara, Kerala Electrical and Allied Engineering Company in Kundara, Kerala Premo Pipe factory in Chavara, Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited in Chavara and United Electrical Industries in Kollam are Kerala Government-owned companies. Now the Kollam district has a single revenue division with headquarters at Kollam. Kallada Boat race is one of the famous festival events of the district. Kollam is a Hindu majority city in Kerala. It is an emerging tourist spot. Kollam is home to a number of local cricket, hockey and football teams participating in district, state-level and zone matches. [67] The Metropolitan area of Kollam includes Uliyakovil, Adichanalloor, Adinad, Ayanivelikulangara, Chavara, Elampalloor, Eravipuram (Part), Kallelibhagom, Karunagappally, Kollam, Kottamkara, Kulasekharapuram, Mayyanad, Meenad, Nedumpana, Neendakara, Oachira, Panayam, Panmana, Paravur, Perinad, Poothakkulam, Thazhuthala, Thodiyoor, Thrikkadavoor, Thrikkaruva, Thrikkovilvattom, and Vadakkumthala. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). [13] The forensic section has a large collection of photographs. Regeneration of the Maruthadi-Eravipuram area including construction of facilities for fishing, tourism and entertainment projects will be implemented as part of the project[69]. Kollam continues to be a major business and commercial center in Southern Kerala. Nearly 3000 mechanised boats are operating from the fishing harbour. The church remains as a memento of the Portuguese rule of old Quilon city. A new suburban rail system has been proposed by the Kerala Government and Indian Railways on the route Thiruvananthapuram - Kollam - Haripad/Chengannur for which MRVC is tasked to conduct a study and submit a report. Kollam Port was founded by Mar Sabor at Tangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland seaport of Kore-ke-ni Kollam near Backare (Thevalakara), which was also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils. The first flight to Kerala landed here. Kollam Fest seeks to showcase Kollam's rich culture and heritage, tourism potential and investments in new ventures.[108]. ), ending with the Royal sanction of Tarissapalli copper plates to Assyrian Monks by Vaishnaite Chera King Rajashekara Varma, against the backdrop of a Shivite revival led by Adi Shankara among the Nampoothiri communities, Mirabilia Descripta by Jordanus Catalani circa 1320–1336 (trans Hiracut Society, London), 'Jornada' of Portuguese Bishop Dom Alexis Menezes 1599–1600AD, Menon, A Sreedhara; "A Survey of Kerala History"; DC Books, 1 January 2007 – History – pp 54–56, /, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of the most populous urban agglomerations in India, Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited, Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Engineering, Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction(IIIC-Kollam), The Institute of Fashion Technology, Kollam, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram, Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon or Kollam, "Population Finder - Census of India 2011", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above", Alphabetical listing of Places in State of Kerala, "Kozhikode to China: IIT Prof Unearths 700-YO Link That'll Will Blow Your Mind! It is used for events, sports, as a helipad, for Kollam Pooram and by driving schools. [130] CSI Kollam-Kottarakara Diocese is one of the twenty-four dioceses of the Church of South India. Kattakayal, a freshwater lake in the city, connects another water-body named Vattakkayal with Lake Ashtamudi. The history of the district's administration can be traced back to 1835, when the Travancore state consisted of two revenue divisions with headquarters at Kollam and Kottayam. The district has many water bodies. As of 2010[update] Kollam had an average literacy rate of 93.77%,[60] higher than the national average of 74.04%. 11.709446 0. ii) Longitude . The 7.7 km long Kollam Canal is connecting Paravur Lake ans Ashtamudi Lake. Ashtamudi Lake is in the heart of the city. [63], In 2014, former Kollam Mayor Mrs. Prasanna Earnest was selected as the Best Lady Mayor of South India by the Rotary Club of Trivandrum Royal[64]. [88], The city of Kollam is connected to almost all the cities and major towns in the state, including Trivandrum, Alappuzha, Kochi, Palakkad, Kottayam, Kottarakkara, and Punalur, and with other Indian cities through the NH 66, NH 183, NH 744 - and other state PWD Roads. The Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Engineering, the first private school of its kind in the state, is at Kilikollur, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of Kollam city, and is a source of pride for all Kollamites. The newly formed district has been carved out of Nagapattinam district. [138] The Karbala Maidan and the adjacent Makani mosque serves as the Eid gah for the city. The light house is located at Thangassery in Kollam. The Aayis controlled the land from present-day Kollam district in the north, through Thiruvananthapuram district, all in Kerala, to the Kanyakumari district. Trivandrum International Airport is the first international airport in a non-metro city in India. Despite of this Kollam has a significant Christian population too (16%) among this Latin Catholics (26.1%) and Syro-Malabar (19.7%) are the largest subgroups. Of these, 24 are located in Kollam district. Kollam is the capital of Kerala's cashew industry. There is a city private bus stand at Andamukkam. Kollam Fest is Kollam's own annual festival, attracting mostly Keralites but also hundreds of domestic and foreign tourists to Kollam. Moreover, the Kollam Era (also known as Malayalam Era or Kollavarsham or Malayalam Calendar or Malabar Era), solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala, has been originated on 825 CE (Pothu Varsham) at (Kollam) city.[114][115][116]. It is known for its wetland ecosystem and a large palm-shaped water body. However, Kollam Airport at Asramam was the first aerodrome in Kerala. Kollam district is located on the southwest coast of India, bordering Arabian Sea in the west, the state of Tamil Nadu in the east, Kerala district of Alappuzha in the north, Pathanamthitta in the northeast and Thiruvananthapuram in the south. The Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, 66 kilometres (41 mi) from Kollam, is situated on the southern part of the Western Ghats (8°50' and 8°55'N; 77°5'and 77°15'E) in the Pathanapuram taluk of the district. [33][34], This article is about the district in Kerala. Both heads report to the Inspector General of Police (IGP), Thiruvananthapuram Range (Kerala). [89] Road transport is also provided by private taxis and autorickshaws, also called autos. While 931 persons completed home quarantine on … [20], The district is having a fairly good network of waterways. Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 November 1982 carving out the entire Pathanamthitta taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur taluk from Kollam district, entire Thiruvalla taluk and part of Chengannur and Mavelikkara taluks from Alapphuzha district and parts of Idukki district. [133] Our Lady of Velankanni Shrine in Cutchery is another important Christian worship place in Kollam city. In May 2015, Government of Kerala have decided to expand City Corporation of Kollam by merging Thrikkadavoor panchayath. The tahsildar is the revenue official in charge of each taluk. Male. It is one of popular beaches in the city of Kollam and a tourist destination. [10][11][12] Kollam has a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. This allowed the Nestorians to stay in the Chera kingdom for several decades and introduce the Christian faith among the Nampoothiri Vaishnavites and Nair sub-castes in the St. Thomas tradition, with the Syrian liturgy as a basis for the Doctrine of the Trinity, without replacing the Sanskrit and Vedic prayers. [68], The Kerala Government has decided to develop the City of Kollam as a "Port City of Kerala". Accommodation is in resorts and on houseboats. The city corporation of Kollam is served by the Trivandrum International Airport, which is about 56 kilometers from the city. Thus began the Malayalam Era, known as Kolla Varsham after the city, indicating the importance of Kollam in the 9th century. Kollam's coastline is 37.3 kilometres (23.2 mi), 6.3 percent of Kerala's total coastline. On 1 January 1957, the Malabar district was trifurcated to form new districts of Kozhikode, Palakkad, and Kannur. He writes, "In the island of Tabropane (Ceylon), there is a church of Christians, and clerics and faithful. Around 90 species of fish and ten species of clams are found in the lake. Backwater tourism is an activity enjoyed in Kollam; Ashtamudi Lake, Paravur, Munroe Island, and Alumkadavu are the main backwater destinations. Polachira, in Chirakkara Gramapanchayat, is a sightseeing destination. Alleppey district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam (Quilon) districts on 17 August 1957. The areas transferred from the erstwhile Alappuzha district to Pathanamthitta district are Thiruvalla taluk as a whole and part of Chengannur and Mavelikkara Taluks. Plains, mountains, lakes, lagoons, and backwaters, forests, farmland and rivers make up the topography of the district. Luxury boats, operated by Government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. Later in 1957, the Cherthala, Ambalapuzha, Mavelikara, Karthikapalli, Chengannur and Thiruvalla taluks (formerly in Kollam district) were united to form the new district of Alappuzha. Ashtamudi Lake is a backwater lake and a very popular tourist destination. It is believed that Mar Sapor Iso also proposed that the Chera king create a new seaport near Kollam in lieu of his request that he rebuild the almost vanished inland seaport at Kollam (kore-ke-ni) near Backare (Thevalakara), also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis to the Romans and Greeks and as Thondi to the Tamils, which had been without trade for several centuries because the Cheras were overrun by the Pallavas in the 6th century, ending the spice trade from the Malabar coast. The present Mayor of Kollam Corporation is Adv.V. The City Police is headed by a City Police Commissioner, an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer with the rank of SP; its headquarters is at Kollam. The main venue of Kollam Fest is the historic and gigantic Ashramam Maidan. [2], According to the 2011 census Kollam district has a population of 2,635,375,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[7] or the US state of Nevada. The MEMU services started from Kollam to Ernakulam via Alappuzha and Kottayam in the 2nd week of January 2012.